According to Aldridge and Levine,it is hard to establish rapport in such interviews, disadvantage groups tend to be under-represented in samples, it is difficult to ask sensitive questions, respondents cannot be expected to remember a wide range of possible answers to fixed-choice questions, and visual aids cannot be used.
Thus, Medcof believes that the theories will eventually integrate to become complimenting theories of attribution. For example, if a famous singer is found to by going to the gym often, observers will be more likely to attribute their behaviour to social desirability rather than as a dispositional aspect.
However, it is important to note that the theory put forth by Jones and Davis may be quite nomothetic as cultural differences are not accounted for.
This can determine the respondent answer by the feedback he or she gave during reading the questions. The attribution processes undergone are often linked to the amount of cognitive resources they have.
This essay will attempt to explain different theories of attribution as well as put forth supporting and contradicting evidence and theories in order to provide a more holistic view on how behaviour is explained. Each community has own norms and expectations.
This would therefore give the researcher an image towards how the respondent expresses themselves towards the questions within the questionnaire. In fact, Medcof suggested that all attribution theories are based around a similar concept; and each theory highlight a different point which furthers the understanding of human behaviour.
But between them there always going to be norms and expectations of the group, which shape role behavior of the person.
Despite the amount of research conducted towards the attributional process undertaken by people, there are errors when we try to attribute causes to behaviour. Although there are flaws in attribution theories an models, as People behaviour essay as the observed errors in attribution, there is a fundamental concept that all attribution theories adhere to: This is also known as situational attribution.
Some of the researches make accent on such factors, as set of roles, which people use in everyday life, educational level, religious patterns, cultural values. However, if the behaviour is socially undesirable, i. One of the major errors in attribution is the fundamental attribution error.
Although People behaviour essay method has its advantages, it also has its disadvantages. Yet it have been shown in this essay that you cannot simply capture someone behaviour with the use of questionnaires.
Zuckerman SSB is when we explain the cause of our own successes to dispositional factors and blame failures to situational factors. This is also known as the theory of attribution, ie.
There are many reasons towards why questionnaires are inappropriate to capture the behaviour of people. However, when we try to explain our own behaviour, we are more likely to attribute them to external factors such as the environment.
Others refer to such factors as professional prestige, power, and differences in wealth level. Psychological reasons for stratification are: People of the higher class politicians as well tend to organize life in the society according to their norms. Consequently, this theory is different from the correspondent inference theory as Kelley assumes that people are more likely gather information from different scenarios rather than just one situation in order to attribute a cause to certain behaviour.
Social processes are most important in the causes of certain behavior of the person. The first two 2 methods that were stated above both used questionnaires mainly the first through postal and the second has an interviewer present at the time the questionnaires were given out.
Jones and Davis further developed the theory of attribution into what is known as the correspondent inference theory: Possessing certain status person will have a social role. In other cultures, touches between men and women would be interpreted as casualty.Essay on Sociological Explanation of the Human Behavior Through the sociological paradigm, human behavior has its own roots.
On the example of male-female relations and stratification process in the society we will see how human behavior determined by these aspects. People's Behaviour Is Largely Determined By Forces Not Of Their Own Making - With A Free Essay Review - Free Essay Reviews.
‘Behaviour’ is a term defined by psychologists as an act done by an animal in response to any stimulus provided by the outside world. An assumption held by many social psychologists when attempting to explain the reasons behind the action of people’s behaviour is that we try to find certain reasons that explain our own and other people’s action towards an environmental stimulus.
A questionnaire is a number of preset questions that can contain open-ended, fixed choice or combination of both types of questions. In this essay it would be shown that questionnaires cannot be used to capture the truth about people’s behaviour, but to an extent.
In the effort of trying to understand the behavior of children and youth a number of theories or schools of thought have emerged trying to explain the behavior of children.
These include: the Biological model, developmental model, psychodynamic model, ecological model, behavioral model, social learning model and the applied behavior analysis (Bridge, ).
- Diversity: Individual Behavior Impact Individual behavior is the pattern of behavior, thought, and emotion, unique to an individual, and the ways he or she interact to help or hinder the adjustment of a person to other people and situations (The Columbia Encyclopedia, ).Download