They are as follows: While it is important to appreciate the emotional force of this objection, Mary anne warren logical force is far less than it may seem at first glance. Abortion is permissible in many cases, but this does not mean we have the right to secure the death of the fetus.
Thus, since the fact that even a fully developed fetus is not personlike enough to have any significant right to life on the basis of its personlikeness shows that no legal restrictions upon the stage of pregnancy in which an abortion may be performed can be justified on the grounds that we should protect the rights of the older fetus; and since there is no other apparent justification for such restrictions, we may conclude that they are entirely unjustified.
Self-motivated activity activity which is relatively independent of either genetic or direct external control. Thus it is clear that even though a seven- or eight-month fetus has features which make it apt to arouse in us almost the same powerful protective instinct as is commonly aroused by a small infant, nevertheless it is not significantly more personlike than is a very small embryo.
Either the argument assumes that it is wrong to kill something merely because it is homo sapien, or the argument assumes that a fetus is a member of the moral community. Moreover, killing any non-human animal would also be permissible. After all, third trimester fetuses are also highly personlike, and many people value them and would much prefer that they be preserved; even at some cost to themselves.
The fact that you are there of your own free will is interpreted as an agreement on your part that you will obey the house rules.
But what about its potential, the fact that if nurtured and allowed to develop naturally it will very probably become a person? Suppose that our space explorer falls into the hands of an alien culture, whose scientists decide to create a few hundred thousand or Mary anne warren human beings, by breaking his body into its component cells, and using these to create fully developed human beings, with, of course, his genetic code.
The only way to get at them is to try to understand, a priori, what the property of being a person is, and that is an ongoing chore for philosophy.
I maintain that in such a situation he would have every right to escape if he could, and thus to deprive all of these potential people of their potential lives; for his right to life outweighs all of theirs together, in spite of the fact that they are all genetically human, all innocent, and all have a very high probability of becoming people very soon, if only he refrains from acting.
Self-motivated activity activity which is relatively independent of genetic or direct external control. The belief that moral strictures against killing should apply equally to all genetically human entities, and only to genetically human entities, is such an error.
Thus, in the relevant respects, a fetus, even a fully developed one, is considerably less personlike than is the average mature mammal, indeed the average fish.
The fetus is not a person. At what stage of development is a fetus capable of experiencing pain? True, she may suffer greatly from the knowledge that her child will be thrown into the lottery of the adoption system, and that she will be unable to ensure its well-being, or even to know whether it is healthy, happy, doing well in school, etc.: Indeed, I think he would have a right to escape even if it were not his life which the alien scientists Mary anne warren to take, but only a year of his freedom, or, indeed, only a day.
It might help, for instance, if the natural parents of adopted children could at least receive some information about their progress, without necessarily being informed of the identity of the adopting family.
Does he have an obligation to stay? This fact results in a slide of meaning, which serves to conceal the fallaciousness of the traditional argument that since 1 it is wrong to kill innocent human beings, and 2 fetuses are innocent human beings, then 3 it is wrong to kill fetuses.
The third goal of the Philosophy program is to convey the vitality and relevance of classical philosophical debates to contemporary life, while encouraging students to add their voices to the debates.
Now if 1 - 5 are indeed the primary criteria of personhood, then it is clear that genetic humanity is neither necessary nor sufficient for establishing that an entity is a person. I have the right to eject an innocent person from my home, if that person falls through my window.
This is not what we do when we decide to have a child. Whether it is wrong depends on the expected value of the future of the patient. This is true, of course, but since all humans are persons, due to their inherent nature, this does mean that genetic humanity is a sufficient condition for personhood.
These principles are often too broad. Ordinary consensual sex without contraception? The mistaken belief that infanticide is always tantamount to murder is responsible for a great deal of unnecessary suffering, not just on the part of infants which are made to endure needlessly prolonged and painful deaths, but also on the part of parents, nurses, and other involved persons, who must watch infants suffering needlessly, helpless to end that suffering in the most humane way.
In the first place, it implies that when an infant is born into a society which-unlike ours-is so impoverished that it simply cannot care for it adequately without endangering the survival of existing persons, killing it or allowing it to die is not necessarily wrong-provided that there is no other society which is willing and able to provide such care.
To unplug you would be to kill him. So, to be consistent, Warren must either say that killing the premature infant is permissible, or that aborting the six-month fetus is not.Mary Anne Warren: "On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion" I.
Challenge to Traditional Anti-Abortion Argument Traditional Anti-Abortion Argument (). Mary Warren, “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion”, Warren defends an extremely permissive view on abortion, according to which abortion is morally permissible at any stage of the pregnancy and under any circumstances.
Warren considers the following anti-abortion argument. Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. Discover books, read about the author, find related products, and more. More about Mary Anne Warren.
Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion fetus is similar to a "guppy" for a person to be a member of a moral community there must be 5 traits: consciousness, reasoning, self motivating, communicative and possessed of self concept.
West Valley College offers robust Philosophy courses and degree options. On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion By Mary Anne Warren from Biomedical Ethics. 4th ed. T.A. Mappes and D. DeGrazia, eds.
New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.pp. [notes not included] The question which we must answer in order to produce a satisfactory solution to the problem of the moral status.Download