Aristotle should therefore be acquitted of an accusation made against him by J. It is strange if someone thinks that politics or practical wisdom is the most excellent kind of knowledge, unless man is the best thing in the cosmos.
Suppose we grant, at least for the sake of argument, that doing anything well, including living well, consists in exercising certain skills; and let us call these skills, whatever they turn out to be, virtues.
If we imagine a life filled with pleasure and then mentally add wisdom to it, the result is made more desirable. One can show, as a general point, that happiness consists in exercising some skills or other, but that the moral skills of a virtuous person are what one needs is not a proposition that can be established on the basis of argument.
It is not a process, because processes go through developmental stages: The possibility of exceptions does not undermine the point that, as a rule, to live well is to have sufficient resources for the pursuit of virtue over the course of a lifetime.
Surely someone who never felt this emotion to any degree could still live a perfectly happy life. Goodness is an enduring quality, so friendships based on goodness tend to be long lasting. The parallel point in ethics is that to make progress in this sphere we must already have come to enjoy doing what is just, courageous, generous and the like.
An analysis of aristotles views in nicomachean ethics and Aristotle, he says, collapsed all succumbing to temptation into losing control of ourselves—a mistake illustrated by this example: The more important question for Aristotle is why one needs to be on the giving end of this relationship.
Intellectual Virtues Since Aristotle often calls attention to the imprecision of ethical theory see e. Similarly, Aristotle holds that a well-executed project that expresses the ethical virtues will not merely be advantageous but kalon as well—for the balance it strikes is part of what makes it advantageous.
It is important to bear in mind that when Aristotle talks about impetuosity and weakness, he is discussing chronic conditions. When two individuals recognize that the other person is someone of good character, and they spend time with each other, engaged in activities that exercise their virtues, then they form one kind of friendship.
Aristotle makes this point in several of his works see for example De Anima a23—b7and in Ethics X. Aristotle assumes that when someone systematically makes bad decisions about how to live his life, his failures are caused by psychological forces that are less than fully rational.
And so in a way Socrates was right. This feature of ethical theory is not unique; Aristotle thinks it applies to many crafts, such as medicine and navigation a7— But another part of us—feeling or emotion—has a more limited field of reasoning—and sometimes it does not even make use of it.
There is no reason to attribute this extreme form of egoism to Aristotle. Nature of Ethics and methods of studying Ethics. In each of these cases, we have to apply virtue and reason to make correct choices and to do good things.
The impetuous person is someone who acts emotionally and fails to deliberate not just once or twice but with some frequency; he makes this error more than most people do.
Why does he not address those who have serious doubts about the value of these traditional qualities, and who therefore have not yet decided to cultivate and embrace them?
All free males are born with the potential to become ethically virtuous and practically wise, but to achieve these goals they must go through two stages: The defining nature of pleasure is that it is an activity that accompanies other activities, and in some sense brings them to completion.
And since each enjoys the trust and companionship of the other, there is considerable pleasure in these relationships as well. What he must have in mind, when he says that virtue makes the goal right, is that deliberation typically proceeds from a goal that is far more specific than the goal of attaining happiness by acting virtuously.
Like the akratic, an enkratic person experiences a feeling that is contrary to reason; but unlike the akratic, he acts in accordance with reason.
We began our discussion of these qualities in section 4. The pleasure of drawing, for example, requires both the development of drawing ability and an object of attention that is worth drawing.
Virtuous acts require conscious choice and moral purpose or motivation. He explains what is necessary for complete friendship to exist, including the need for friends to "live together" in order to see what is lovable in each other and to become more alike.
On the whole, friendships consist of equal exchanges, whether of utility, pleasantness, or goodness. Furthermore, when he has decided what to do, he does not have to contend with internal pressures to act otherwise. Perhaps such a project could be carried out, but Aristotle himself does not attempt to do so.The Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle.
Home / Literature / The Nicomachean Ethics / Analysis ; The Nicomachean Ethics Analysis Literary Devices in The Nicomachean Ethics. Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory.
Setting. Narrator Point of View. As we struggle through Ethics, we have to remember that Ethics is a record of Aristotle's lectures to. Book I Summary and Analysis. Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics begins with a simple premise, which is that everyone wants to be happy. The best way to become happy takes up much of the rest of the work, as Aristotle examines the nature of happiness what sort of actions lead to it.
Only the Nicomachean Ethics discusses the close relationship between ethical inquiry and politics; only the Nicomachean Ethics critically examines Solon's paradoxical dictum that no man should be counted happy until he is dead; and only the Nicomachean Ethics gives a series of arguments for the superiority of the philosophical life to the political life.
The. Nicomachean Ethics is a philosophical inquiry into the nature of the good life for a human being. Aristotle begins the work by positing that there exists some ultimate good toward which, in the final analysis, all human actions ultimately aim.
The necessary characteristics of the ultimate good are. Video: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics: Summary & Analysis In this lesson, you'll develop an understanding of Aristotle, including his view of moral responsibility and ethics. You'll also better understand what he thought was the purpose of human life.
A summary of Book VIII in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Nicomachean Ethics and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.Download